The Importance of Eastern African Countries in the Security of the GCC Countries
Relations between the countries of the Arabian Gulf and the African continent, especially the East African countries, are old and have deep historical connections and stretch to prehistoric periods. They witnessed migrations, whether it was individual or collective, due to the rule of geographical proximity and ease of transport through ships in the sea or camel riding. Geographically, the continents of Asia and Africa were connected by land through the Suez Peninsula, before the Suez Canal was officially excavated in 1869. It facilitated migratory movements and different historical conditions, such as what is required of the transitional life of Bedouin or for trade and settlement; Eastern Africa is directly overlooking the Indian Ocean.
At the dawn of Islam, the number of migrations to Africa increased as Islam created new dimensions for the motives of migration and stability in Africa. Islam established religious and cultural ties with African countries, which reflected the opposite migrations as well. Since the beginning of the sixteenth century European Countries had modern domination and colonization in Africa, until they obtained their political independence as a result of the development of national liberation movements and the establishment of independent states and their formation of joint cooperation institutions including African and Gulf countries, and including the Islamic Conference and non-aligned countries, This study seeks to discuss the most important factors that affect the development of Gulf-African relations and strengthen them in the future and seeks to provide a forward-looking vision for the future of relations in what Including the possibility of developing them.